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留学指南:美国留学面签申请材料大全

  美国留学面签,是横在留学申请人面前的一道难关,之所以说它难,是因为学生要面对面跟美国签证官交流,而且签证官为了排除不以留学为目的的申请者,会设下很多高明的陷阱,一不小心就会钻进去,很有可能被拒签。下面就为大家详细解读赴美留学签证的准备工作,包括所需材料的详细要求以及一些常见的问题总结,希望对大家的签证申请有所帮助。

  一、签证申请的流程

  1. 在线填写DS-160申请表格,链接请见:https://ceac.state.gov/genniv/

  2. 预约签证面谈时间

  1) 如果您未满14周岁或已满80周岁,或者您有2007年11月以后签发的美国签证,您也许不用亲自去美国使馆面谈。请浏览续签的相关要求。

  2) 要预约签证面谈时间,请先到中信银行购买预先付费的加密电话卡或登陆签证信息服务中心的网站购买通话密码,费用为通话12分钟花费54元人民币或通话8分钟花费36元人民币。任何未用完的分钟可留待下次使用或转给他人使用。

  3) 买到预先付费的加密电话卡后,请致电签证信息服务中心预约签证面谈时间或咨询签证问题。请在致电前准备好以下信息:申请人全名、护照号码、身份证号码、联系方式、访美目的、在华常住地以及以前是否被拒签过等等。因此发生的所有长途电话费用将由致电者担负,通常30秒钟内电话即可接通。

  4) 签证预约平均等候时间:签证预约平均等候时间是指从您致电签证信息服务中心进行预约起到签证面谈之日中间的等待时间。请点击链接查看美国驻北京大使馆商务及旅游签证(B1/B2)、学生签证(F、M)、交流访问学者签证(J)及其它非移民签证类别的签证预约平均等候时间。

  【留学小贴士】

  签证信息话务中心的电话号码:

  从中国致电请拨打: 4008-872-333 (全国通用号码)

  (021) 3881-4611 (上海本地号码)

  从中国国外致电请拨打: (86-21) 3881-4611

  工作时间: 周一至周五 早 7:00–晚7:00 ;周六早 8:00 – 下午5:00

  每周七天24小时提供录音电话签证信息。

  3. 签证面谈当天(过安检、领号牌、提交资料、留取指纹、与签证官面谈等)

  1) 在签证面谈当日,您除了需要携带签证必备的申请材料外,还需携带您准备的所有支持性材料。欲知签证需要哪些必备材料和建议携带的支持性材料,请查看美国非移民签证的具体类别。非申请人不能陪同申请人进入签证申请大厅。

  2) 签证面谈时,每位申请人都必须单独向签证官证明自己的情况。申请人需要事先做好准备,以便面谈时能够在没有亲属或法律代表等人陪同的情况下单独向签证官说明自己在中国的约束力和此次赴美的目的等。

  3) 唯一例外的是14岁以下的孩子可以由成年亲属陪同面谈。在某些特殊情况下,残疾人也可以由人陪同。如果需要人陪同,请在面谈前几天将原因传真至(86-10) 8531-3333(这里指在美国驻北京使馆面试)。

  二、签证当天注意事项

  1. 到达相应的美国使领馆后,一般先在使馆外排队等候,申请人通常在预约时间前30分钟左右到达等候。

  2. 美国使馆放行进入,需要接受安全检查,最好不要随身携带任何电子产品(包括手机),也不要携带背包、手提箱、公文包或手推童车等(这些都需要先留置在安检处,离开时领取)。申请人只能携带跟签证申请有关的文件进入使馆(可用文件袋或资料袋装即可)。

  3. 根据美国使馆内部工作人员的指挥和安排,申请人到达指定窗口递交签证申请表和材料,之后一般是被分组进行指纹扫描,然后等待签证面谈。整个时间大约3个小时左右。

  4. 被安排到哪位签证官的窗口进行签证面谈都是当天当时随机安排的。通常情况,每天美国使馆面签的人比较多,开学前期尤甚,因此进入美国使馆前解决好喝水和上厕所的事情会比较方便。

  5. 如果签证申请得到批准,美国使馆会将签证印在护照上,并将印有签证的护照在面谈后的3-5个工作日内邮寄给获签者。以北京使馆为例:如需加急服务,可以选择在面谈之日后的第二个工作日到北京市朝阳区政府下属的签证服务大厅(紧邻美国使馆签证处入口)内开设的中国邮局自取签证。

  6. 签证退还所需时间指签证官决定签发签证后,将护照和签证退回给申请人所需要的工作日天数,请点击使馆网站相关链接查看有关通常情况下签证退还所需时间。

  7. 某些特殊情况,如申请需要进行行政审理(一般指背景调查)、需补充支持材料或需要进行打假调查等可能会影响签证申请的审理速度并推迟签发签证的时间。

  8. 请注意:签证申请的审理等候时间不包括进行行政审理的时间。行政审理需要额外的时间。一旦签证申请需要进入行政审理,所需时间将视每个申请的具体情况而有所不同。目前行政审理的平均等候时间是16周。

  【留学小贴士】

  A. 2012年最新美国非移民签证费用一览表

签证种类

老费用

新费用

游客、商务、过境、船员或飞机机组人员、学生、交流访问者、和媒体工作者签证

$140

RMB 960

$160

RMB 1024

须从美国首先申请的签证(CW, H, L, O, P, Q, 和R签证)

$150

RMB 960

$190

RMB 1216

协定国投资者与贸易商签证(E签证)

$390

RMB 2496

$270

RMB 1728

未婚夫(妻)签证(K签证)

$350

RMB 2240

$240

RMB 1536

边境通行证(15岁及以上)

$140

RMB 896

$160

RMB 1024

边境通行证(15岁以下)

$14

RMB 90

$15

RMB 96

  B. 2012美国签证申请 签证地点及联系方式

  北京 美国驻华大使馆

  服务时间: 周一至周五,7:15-16:40

  地址: 北京市朝阳区安家楼路55号 邮编:100600

  电话: (86) 4008-872-333 或 (86-21) 3881-4611

  地址:北京市秀水北街3号,邮编:100600

  电话:(86-10) 6532-3431 传真:(86-10) 6532-3178

  签证话务中心: 4008-872-333 (从中国拨打) (86-21) 3881-4611 (从国外拨打)

  上海 美国总领事馆

  美国驻上海总领事馆主楼

  地址: 中国上海市淮海中路1469号. (近乌鲁木齐南路) 邮编: 200031

  非移民签证服务

  地址: 南京西路1038号梅隆镇广场八楼

  领事区:上海, 浙江, 江苏和安徽

  传真: (86-21) 6217-2072 电话: 4008-872-333 (从中国拨打) ,如果你在中国大陆以外打电话, 请拨: 86-21-3881-4611.

  广州 美国总领事馆

  地址:中国广东省广州市沙面南街1号 邮编510133

  领事区:福建, 广东, 海南, 广西

  电话:020-8121-8000 传真:020-8121-9001

  成都 美国总领事馆

  地址:四川省成都市领事馆路4号 邮编:610041

  领事区:贵州, 四川, 云南, 西藏, 重庆

  电话总机: (86-28) 8558 3992, 8558 9646

  沈阳 美国总领事馆

  地址:沈阳市和平区十四纬路52号 邮编:110003

  领事区:辽宁,吉林,黑龙江

  电话: (86-24) 2322-1198 传真: (86-24) 2322-2374

  三、学生签证材料清单:

  美国留学申请学生签证的申请人应该提前做好准备, 以便能够在面谈时出示下列材料和其它任何与签证申请有关的支持材料,清单如下:

  1. 有效护照

  如果您的护照将在距您预计抵美日期的六个月内过期,或已损坏,或护照上已无空白的签证签发页等, 请在前往美国使馆面谈之前先申请一本新护照(同时携带新老护照)。

  2. DS-160表格确认页

  请在上面注明您的中文姓名、您中文姓名的电报码、中文家庭地址、公司名字及地址。请将您的表格确认页竖着打印在A4纸上。面谈时请携带打印出来的DS-160表格确认页,不要使用传真的确认页。

  3. 一张照片:

  携带一张在面签前6个月内拍摄的2英寸x2英寸(51毫米x51毫米)正方形白色背景的彩色正面照。请用透明胶带将您的照片贴在护照封面上。

  4. 签证申请费收据原件:

  您可以在中信银行在中国的任何分行支付签证申请费140美元(896元人民币)。请将收据用胶水或胶条粘贴在确认页的下半页上。

  5. 含有以前赴美签证的护照,包括已失效的护照。

  6. 学校通知书、填写完整的学生和交流访问学者信息系统(SEVIS)表格:

  填写完整的I-20A-B表(发放给F1学生)或I-20M-N表(发放给M-1学生)必须由学校指定官员(DSO)和申请人本人签字。表格上的姓名必须与您护照上的姓名完全一致,并已被美国的学术机构输入SEVIS系统。 同时不要忘记学校的通知书,有些学校是电子版的,只要打印出来就可以了。

  7. SEVIS费收据:

  大多数J, F 和 M 类签证的申请人现在必须支付维护学生和交流访问学者信息系统(SEVIS)的费用。请在前往使馆面谈时携带电子版收据或I-797收据原件。

  8. 在中国有牢固约束力的证明:

  出示经济、社会、家庭或其它方面约束力的文件,以帮助证明您在美国短暂停留后有意愿返回中国。

  9. 资金证明:

  证明您有能力无需工作即可支付在美停留整个期间的费用。

  10. 研究/学习计划:

  在美期间计划好的学习或研究工作的详细信息,包括您所在美国大学的导师和/或系主任的名字及电子邮件地址。

  11. 个人简历:

  详细描述您过去在学术和工作方面的经历,包括一份所发表文章的清单。

  12. 返校老生的学校成绩单:

  欲返回美国学校就读的老生应该在申请签证时递交所学课程的官方成绩单。

  13. 导师的个人情况介绍:

  已经在美国大学里被分配了导师的研究生应当带来导师的个人情况介绍、简历或网页打印件。

  请注意以上材料并非毫无遗漏,在面谈时出示以上文件也不能确保您获得签证。您必须提前做好准备,以便能够在面谈时合理解释您去美国的目的和回国的理由,并出示相关证据证明自己的陈述。

  【留学小贴士】

  针对学生签证,美国签证官面签时主要审核该申请人是否符合学生签证的要求。因此面签不要紧张,要准备充分,自信做答。材料准备是一方面(有时签证官可能都不会看除了护照与录取通知书外的其他任何文件),更重要的是临场表现,是否能让签证官相信,你就是一个完全符合要求的学生签证申请者。一般面签时间从几分钟到15或20分钟之内,在有限的时间里,美国签证官除了通过交谈进行判断,还会首先注意你的外表,因此具有学生的整洁仪表和自信从容的态度,也是非常重要的。

  四、美国留学签证面谈常见问题

  1. What will you study in the United States?

  2. What is your major? In what aspect of your major will you study? What is your favorite subject? Can it be used to military utilities?

  3. What will you do in USA?

  4. Are you going to study in USA?

  5. When/where did you get your BS/MS?

  6. What/where are you working now?

  7. How long will you study in USA?

  8. Have you any scholarship?

  9. What do you want to study in USA?

  10. What do you do with your work for MS/PhD?

  11. What is your purpose for the visa?

  12. What is your academic background?

  13. How do you know this Univ.?

  14. What is your plan? What will you do after graduation? Why? what kind of job can you find in the future?

  15. Give me three reasons that you will come back to China?

  16. Can you explain why 90% Chinese students didn't come back?

  17. Why do you choose this Univ.?

  18. Why do you like your major?

  19. Why do you want to study in USA?

  20. Why do you want to pursue a master's/doctoral degree?

  21. Why do you receive financial aid from this Univ.?

  22. What is the difficult class do you have?

  23. Do you want your wife to go with you?

  24. What's your name?

  25. What institution did you attend and what was your major?

  26. What have you done after you graduated from university?

  27. Why do you want go to the United States for further study?

  28. Why do you think it is time for you to pursue master's/doctoral degree now?

  Why do you want to study xxx in the US?

  29. Many universities in the China offer first--rate graduate programs in xxx. Why do you want to go to the USA for graduate study?

  30. What is your ultimate academic goal?

  31. To how many institutions have you applied, and who are they? Any other school admits you?

  32. Why did you choose xxxxxx University? How much do you know about the university?

  33. Do you have any relatives in the United States?

  34. What do your parents do?

  35. How much do you expect you will have to spend each year in the United States?

  36. How do you support yourself during your studies in the United States?

  37. Do you plan to seek financial support in the US?

  38. Who will be your sponsor? How much is his annual income and what will be the amount you will receive annually? Do you have a bank deposit certification?

  39. Do you plan to seek employment in the US after you have completed your studies?

  How long does it take to commute to your work place?

  40. What do you think of the West Development in China?

  41. How long have you prepared your visa interview? Have u prepared the interview in New Oriental?

  42. How long have you prepared for GRE? Did you cheat?

  43. Are you a worker or a student now?

  44. Where are you from? Where is your hometown?

  45. How much do you earn now? How much will you earn when you come back?

  46. Do you know which school is the best in your major? What else?

  47. What does your major mean?

  48. What will you study in this major? What courses?

  49. If you say you will be a teacher in the future, what will you teach?

  50. What's the difference between your major now and the major in USA?

  51. When are you going to enter US?

  52. What is your dream?

  53. What is the thing you like best in America or the thing you like best in China?

  54. Then what is the thing you don't like most in China?

  55. Can you give an example of your topic that is applied in our living?

  56. Why do you change your major?

  57. What is your favorite pet? Why?

  58. What's your best/worst quality?

  59. What do you think is the best/worst thing of the U.S?

  60. Have you ever been to nations aside of China? Have you ever gone abroad?

  61. What's your favorite food?

  62. Have you any bank deposit?

  63. What kind of works you will do for this assistantship? What's your duty as a TA/RA?

  64. Is your transcript original?

  65. How old are you?

  66. Have you any relatives in US?

  67. When did you join the T/G test?

  68. What score did you get in T/G test?

  69. Can you talk something about the course XX?

  70. Do you have sisters or brothers?

  71. How long have you been in Beijing?

  72. Why did you live in Beijing?

  73. What's you hobby? What do you do in your spare time?

  74. What is your current project in your company? What are you responsible for in your present post?

  75. How many years have your worked?

  76. Can you tell me which assistantship they give you? TA or RA.

  77. What will you teach?

  78. What is your favorite American movie?

  79. Who do you think is the best president of the US?

  80. Where is your HUKOU(户口)?

  81. Do you have a girlfriend? Where is she? Are you sure your gf will keep relation with you during your graduate study?

  82. Do you think who the greatest leader in the world is? Why?

  83. Who is your advisor?

  84. Have you any scholarship?

  85. Which is your favorite restaurant (cafe)?

  86. What's the difference between your major now and the major in USA?

  87. Where do you live? Where will you live?

  88. Why did you choose your present job?

  89. What will you do if you can not find a position in the big companies/ Xxx University?

  90. Your assistantship is for one year, then how about the following years?

  91. What is your dissertation about? What is your specific research of your undergraduate paper?

  92. You can also make more of this kind of money in US, why don't you want to earn more? Why you come back to China instead of finding a job in America?

  93. Where is your company located in?

  94. So what development/programming tools do you use?(CS)

  95. Have you business card? Do you have a name card?

  96. Why have you quit your job?

  97. How did you take GRE?

  98. Is xxxxxxx the first university to give you the offer?

  99. Will you come back to this company after graduation?

  100. what have you done in your research?

  101. are you a top student in your school? What about your ranking in your class?

  102. Do u have a cup of coffee every morning?

  103. what kind of computer do you have?

  104. what is your favorite color?

  105. (Set up my own company about****) is it difficult?

  106. would you like to accept the yellow card and go to window 10?



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