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美军秘密向科威特增派1.5万军人与战舰 直逼伊朗

资料图:美军作战部队狙击手正在训练


  美国洛杉矶时报13日援引美国官员的话透露:五角大楼此前已根据中东地区美军司令官的要求,秘密向科威特增派了约1.5万人的作战部队和战舰,其中包括两个陆军步兵旅和一支直升机分队,这是近十年来美军首次大规模向科威特增兵。

  据美国官员称,在中东地区美军司令官称其需要更多部队应对伊朗及其他潜在威胁后,五角大楼已秘密向中东地区增派了作战部队和战舰。事实上,美军中央司令部司令、海军陆战队司令詹姆斯·马蒂斯去年就从白宫获得了增兵许可,但五角大楼的行动直到现在才开始渐渐清晰起来。

  美国官员12日表示,这种增兵之举并不意味着要发动战争,而是做为一支快速反应和应急部队,以防美国与伊朗因伊朗核问题的对峙局面导致军事冲突。

  五角大楼向科威特增派了约1.5万兵力,包括一支小规模应急部队。此次增派的部队包括两个陆军步兵行和一支直升机分队,使自科威特成为赴伊拉克美军补给及兵力结集地十年来,美军首次向科威特大规模增兵。

  五角大楼还决定在该地区维持两艘航母及其航母战斗舰。日前,美国“卡尔·文森”号航母也被派驻阿拉伯海,与“约翰·C·史坦尼斯”号航母汇合,使当地美军指挥官获得了重要海、空资产,防止伊朗真如其威胁的那样关闭霍尔木兹海峡——该海峡是波斯湾的战略要地,世界上1/5石油需途经此地。

  美国海军官员称,伊朗或许能够利用反舰导弹及其他武器系统,暂时封锁霍尔木兹海峡石油运输,但美军指挥官称,若有必要,美军能够迅速重启这条水道。

  本月,伊朗军队总司令阿塔乌拉萨莱希少将(Ataollah Salehi)警告“约翰·C·史坦尼斯”号航母不要重返波斯湾。该航母计划不久后返回美国,但美国军官称,“企业”号航母将取而代之,以便在动荡的中东地区维持两艘航母。

  在有关此次部署的宣传力度问题上,美国政府内部存有分歧。地区盟国也不愿意公开讨论他们与华盛顿之间的合作。不过,五角大楼希望伊朗政府明白,美国在该地区仍有足以应对突发危机的兵力。

  这些兵力包括美国陆军第1骑兵师第1旅——该旅是在上个月最后一支美军撤离伊拉克后从伊拉克转移至科威特的。据第1旅旅长斯科特·艾弗兰德特上校称,第1旅拥有4500多名官兵,配备有坦克和火炮,属美国部署在中东地区的“机动反应部队”。

  去年8月,来自明尼苏达州的一个国民警卫队旅抵达科威特,同年12月,一个战斗航空旅也抵达这里。另外一支主要部队也于不久前抵达科威特,但美国官员并未提供有关这支部队的具体情况。

  不过,尽管美国在向科威特增兵,但随着美军撤离伊拉克和阿富汗,美国在该地区的总兵力仍有所下降。

  1月13日,奥巴马政府制裁了三家对伊朗出售汽油的公司。虽然伊朗是世界第三大石油出口国,但其炼油能力有限,大部分汽油需求必需通过进口满足。

  美国国务院称,其将禁止授予中国珠海振戎公司美国出口牌照,并禁止美国金融机构对其提供超过1000万美元的贷款。据称,珠海振戎公司是伊朗最大的成品油供应商。

  另外两家遭到制裁的公司包括新加坡的 Kuo Oil Pte和阿联酋的FAL Oil Co. Ltd.



TAG: 中东 五角大楼 伊朗 新加坡 沙特 洛杉矶 科威特 美军 美国 阿联酋
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